The Fedora Project was created in 2003, shortly after the announcement by Red Hat on the discontinuation of one of his most famous systems, Red Hat Linux.Since then, the distro’s development was continued by the project, which has volunteers around the world and support Red Hat’s own
One of the biggest advantages of using Fedora is that it is free software and free.That means you can use it, pass on to other users and even assist the development team to improve the system, with suggestions, testing and searching for bugs with the creation and adaptation of new functions, for example.
Currently, programmers and technicians involved with the distribution working in Fedora 15, the next operating system version, to be launched in May 2011. Who goes looking forward to the news and would like to experience what comes around, you can now download the first beta released by the team.
But first of all, it’s always good to remember that this is a development version, it is not advisable to install it on production machines, servers, or in any other context in which issues such as stability and security are essential.
But if you have that taste for adventure and likes to be always up to date with news from the open source world, nothing more just to be prepared to know what is ahead, right? So here are the new Fedora 15 Beta!
CHANGES IN GRAPHICS MODE
This is probably the area where changes are most noticeable to the end user.After all, just a look at the desktop to start noticing that many changes have happened since the last version.
For starters, the Fedora Project was one of those who adopted the new version of the GNOME desktop. However, unlike Ubuntu 11.04, the distro has not resolved to set aside the new GNOME Shell, adopting it in its entirety.
The changes are enormous. Basically, GNOME has remodeled the look, which implies new forms of user interaction with the desktop. For starters, this is a new bar at the top of the desktop. From there the user can check schedules, and manage some devices, most importantly, access the menus of all open applications. That’s right, now the applications no longer have the menu bar on your windows, which makes the operation similar to Mac OS X.
In the upper left corner, you find the button to access all applications installed on the machine. If the icon for the desired program is not visible, you can search for it by typing the name of the application, similar to Spotlight, Mac OS X.
Below that button is the dock that lets you manage running applications, as well as configure which programs should remain there for easy access. This is another function that has a counterpart in the Apple system. However, in the case of GNOME it was implemented with its own characteristics, distinguishing it from its “distant cousin”.
In addition to the Control Panel, which provides the user with a more practical way to make adjustments in the system, the GNOME Shell also provides the possibility to be operated via the keyboard, thus eliminating the use of the mouse.Obviously, this is a secondary function, but can be useful for those with poor coordination or even a defective mouse.
However, that novel has a price: GNOME 3 requires a video card with 3D acceleration to work properly. Fedora 15 supports a wide variety of plates by means of open source drivers, including those made by Nvidia, AMD and Intel. If the system can not recognize a 3D video card installed, a simplified version of the desktop is enabled, allowing even so, the user can try the new system.
The news related to GNOME and would be a lot of text to the. Therefore, we recommend that you consult the official website of the project, to learn more and to maximize the features of the graphical environment.
Those who prefer the KDE graphical environment you can count on one of the latest software version. It’s all there, the Plasma Workspace, which brought a new look to the desktop, the numerous applications that are part of the KDE packages and even necessary for the development of programs for the platform.
The function of Activities (Activities) is easier to use, allowing you to configure which applications should be executed or closed at the same time. In addition, another tool that has gained a manager was remodeled power control (Power Management), which was rewritten from scratch, with improved performance and stability.
The KWin window manager is now able to adjust the details of the graphical environment according to the video card identified by the system, thus ensuring that you have performance problems.
The Dolphin file manager also won improvements, such as a search bar and a side panel that allows you to filter the search better. In addition, there is also a better integration with Nepomuk and the tags of “semantic desktop”.
Other environments and software
Those who prefer to leave the fight “GNOME x KDE” aside and move on to another environment also finds a solution in Fedora 15. The distro features Xfce 4.8 with all its features.
Who could not miss this selection of programs is Mozilla Firefox 4, which comes with a new look and improved performance in the category. In addition, the browser also features improvements in the management of extensions, password control, protecting the browsing history and the ability to synchronize your bookmarks with the cloud.
OpenOffice has been replaced by LibreOffice. The changes are not significant, but the user can continue to use the well-known suite of software: the Writer word processor, the Calc spreadsheet, Impress presentation software and Draw for vector drawings.
A new research tool was also incorporated into the distribution. The Recoll is able to perform searches in the most common document formats, even if they are compressed files or as attachments in email messages.
Who says that Linux has no games? If you depend on Fedora 15, the fun is not lacking for users. There are at least nine games ranging from first-person shooting (FPS) to kart racing played with Tux and his gang. These are in the list of games included in the distribution, the title Alien Arena, Colossus Arena, Flaw, Freeciv, FreeCol, FreeDink, gBrainy, SuperTuxKart and zas.
FOR SYSTEM ADMINISTRATORS
Of course, the Fedora Project does not leave out one of the public more interested in the distribution. System administrators have also gained more stability and security with the new versions of essential software for the proper functioning of the OS. For starters, the distro in the Linux kernel used is 2.6.38, which has a better management of resources in stressful situations or use the overloaded processing and memory.
SysVinit and were replaced by Upstart systemd, which now becomes the distribution system daemon. With code written from scratch, systemd makes Fedora 15 has a faster boot, especially when installed on a SSD.
Some changes also occurred in the directory structure. Now, “/ var / run” and “/ var / lock” are links that reference to the new / run and / run / lock . This is a change that seems to still be far from consensus in the Linux community, but Fedora comes out in front leading the new direction. If you are curious to know more about the reasons for this, see this message sent to a mailing list of the project.
In addition, server packages were also updated. The distribution includes Apache 2.2.17, Drupal6, MySQL 5.5.10, PostgreSQL 9.0.3, and the software for virtualization, such as
Boxgrinder, support for Spice in virt-manager and libvirt in numerous improvements. The Xorg X server has been updated to version 1.10 and numerous advances were made in the question of hardware support.
Before it was necessary to restart the firewall daemon (FirewallD) every change, even if minimal. Now, these changes can be made dynamically, ie without interruption of services for their actualizations. For now, the daemon has support for iptables and ip6tables ebtables. An icon appears in the system tray allows the user to enable or disable the service and check its status.
Another novelty is the concept of a group administrator, allowing registered users to it can run sudo with their respective passwords, to authorize the execution of administrative tasks and tools, also through their own passwords.
SO ENJOY THE NEW STUFFS OF LINUX……………………:)