Drupal was first released in 2001 by Dries Buytaert. Although it was started short time before this as an internal message board between dorm rooms at Buytaert’s university. The name Drupal comes from an English rendering of the Dutch word “druppel”, which means “drop”, hence the logo. The current standard version of Drupal core is Drupal 6. Drupal 6 core contains features you’ll see in most CMSs, including user management, content publishing, file uploads, blogs and forums. There are then thousands of add-ons for Drupal known as modules or contributed (contrib) modules. In the Drupal community you will often see the answer “There’s a module for that” when discussing features, bugs or ideas. Pretty much every API on the internet has a Drupal module to make use of it. This massive array of modules makes it possible for your Drupal site to handle images, videos, commerce and communities in a way that no other software can. Some developers have tried to prove how powerful Drupal is by rebuilding popular sites such as Twitter, YouTube, Flickr and Basecamp in Drupal. Another great feature of Drupal is it’s framework or API (Application programming interface). A lot of Drupal community members often describe Drupal as a Content Management Framework because of how is can be used just like a PHP framework. By using a ‘hook system’ a Drupal module can hook into any part of Drupal’s process and add to it or change it. This allows developers to change any part of Drupal without editing any of the core code. Editing of the core code is heavily frowned upon in the Drupal community. This is because when you come to upgrade to the latest version of Drupal you don’t have to redo all of your work. It also means when you download a contributed module, there is a lot more chance of it working. The Drupal community is what really makes the software. The community can be found in many places, on the Drupal website (http://www.drupal.org), on Drupal groups (http://groups.drupal.org), on IRC (http://www.drupal.org/irc) and at the twice yearly Drupalcon conference, which sees around 1500 attendees. Many of the community are very passionate about their work and the software. They will give up a lot of time to aid the Drupal cause. The main complaints with Drupal is the learning curve and usability. These issues are trying to be addressed in version 7 of Drupal core. This version will be released in the first half of 2010 with many new features and changes. The most noticeable change is admin theme. Drupal 6’s admins pages uses the same theme as the rest of the site, so that front end and back end look the same. From Drupal 7 there will be a dedicated admin theme designed by Mark Boulton Design to give a differentiation between admin and user screens. Also all of the features and tasks within the admins screens have been designed to make them more user friendly. Another complaint about Drupal is how hard it is to design and build a theme for. In fact it not much different to designing a theme for something like WordPress. Limited PHP knowledge is needed to define where things appear in the HTML, then CSS is added to make it look pretty. Although due to the complexity of what can be done with Drupal a lot more different template files are needed, with a lot more CSS. Often many template and CSS files are needed for the same content just to give the flexibility when working with other content. This therefore brings up the role of the ‘themer’ who is half developer, half designer, but that’s another story. In this blog post you have been given an introduction to the Drupal content management system. Some of the things you can do ‘out the box’, and some of the things you can do with contributed modules. We have looked at some of it’s good point and some of its flaws. The next step is to install it, have a play, see what you think, and come and join the community.   drupal installation:-   step 1:- if u want to make a website in few minutes then i am here with the complete drupal installlation the requriments are:-

  • mysql , php and phpmyadmin should be installed
  • start the services httpd and mysqld

creating a database:- set the root password for phpmyadmin by cmd sudo mysqladmin -u root password YOURPASSWORD go to http:127.0.0.1/phpmyadmin step 3:- now perform these commands

  • tar -xvf drupal-7.0.tar.gz
  • mv drupal-7.0 /var/www/html
  • cp /var/www/html/sites/default/default.setting.php setting.php
  • chmod 777 -R /var/www

step 4:- n go to http://127.0.0.1/drupal-7.0

 

Congrates!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!  u hav installed Drupal………..:)

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create a website in few minutes….

Drupal was first released in 2001 by Dries Buytaert. Although it was started short time before this as an internal message board between dorm rooms at Buytaert’s university. The name Drupal comes from an English rendering of the Dutch word “druppel”, which means “drop”, hence the logo.

The current standard version of Drupal core is Drupal 6. Drupal 6 core contains features you’ll see in most CMSs, including user management, content publishing, file uploads, blogs and forums.

There are then thousands of add-ons for Drupal known as modules or contributed (contrib) modules. In the Drupal community you will often see the answer “There’s a module for that” when discussing features, bugs or ideas. Pretty much every API on the internet has a Drupal module to make use of it. This massive array of modules makes it possible for your Drupal site to handle images, videos, commerce and communities in a way that no other software can. Some developers have tried to prove how powerful Drupal is by rebuilding popular sites such as Twitter, YouTube, Flickr and Basecamp in Drupal.

Another great feature of Drupal is it’s framework or API (Application programming interface). A lot of Drupal community members often describe Drupal as a Content Management Framework because of how is can be used just like a PHP framework. By using a ‘hook system’ a Drupal module can hook into any part of Drupal’s process and add to it or change it. This allows developers to change any part of Drupal without editing any of the core code. Editing of the core code is heavily frowned upon in the Drupal community. This is because when you come to upgrade to the latest version of Drupal you don’t have to redo all of your work. It also means when you download a contributed module, there is a lot more chance of it working.

The Drupal community is what really makes the software. The community can be found in many places, on the Drupal website (http://www.drupal.org), on Drupal groups (http://groups.drupal.org), on IRC (http://www.drupal.org/irc) and at the twice yearly Drupalcon conference, which sees around 1500 attendees. Many of the community are very passionate about their work and the software. They will give up a lot of time to aid the Drupal cause.

The main complaints with Drupal is the learning curve and usability. These issues are trying to be addressed in version 7 of Drupal core. This version will be released in the first half of 2010 with many new features and changes. The most noticeable change is admin theme. Drupal 6’s admins pages uses the same theme as the rest of the site, so that front end and back end look the same. From Drupal 7 there will be a dedicated admin theme designed by Mark Boulton Design to give a differentiation between admin and user screens. Also all of the features and tasks within the admins screens have been designed to make them more user friendly.

Another complaint about Drupal is how hard it is to design and build a theme for. In fact it not much different to designing a theme for something like WordPress. Limited PHP knowledge is needed to define where things appear in the HTML, then CSS is added to make it look pretty. Although due to the complexity of what can be done with Drupal a lot more different template files are needed, with a lot more CSS. Often many template and CSS files are needed for the same content just to give the flexibility when working with other content. This therefore brings up the role of the ‘themer’ who is half developer, half designer, but that’s another story.

In this blog post you have been given an introduction to the Drupal content management system. Some of the things you can do ‘out the box’, and some of the things you can do with contributed modules. We have looked at some of it’s good point and some of its flaws. The next step is to install it, have a play, see what you think, and come and join the community.

 

drupal installation:-

 

step 1:- if u want to make a website in few minutes then i am here with the complete drupal installlation the requriments are:-

  • mysql , php and phpmyadmin should be installed
  • start the services httpd and mysqld

creating a database:- set the root password for phpmyadmin by cmd sudo mysqladmin -u root password YOURPASSWORD

 

go to http:127.0.0.1/phpmyadmin

 

step 3:- now perform these commands

  • tar -xvf drupal-7.0.tar.gz
  • mv drupal-7.0 /var/www/html
  • cp /var/www/html/sites/default/default.setting.php setting.php
  • chmod 777 -R /var/www

 

step 4:- n go to http://127.0.0.1/drupal-7.0

 

Basic commands…

Network Hacking is generally means gathering information about domain by using tools like Telnet, NslookUp, Ping, Tracert, Netstat, etc.
It also includes OS Fingerprinting, Port Scaning and Port Surfing using various tools.

Ping :- Ping is part of ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) which is used to troubleshoot TCP/IP networks. So, Ping is basically a command that allows you to check whether the host is alive or not.
To ping a particular host the syntax is —

[shashikant@shashi~]#ping hostname.com

example:-[shashikant@shashi~]#ping http://www.google.com

 

 

Telnet :- Telnet is a program which runs on TCP/IP. Using it we can connect to the remote computer on particular port. When connected it grabs the daemon running on that port.
The basic syntax of Telnet is–

[shashikant@shashi~]#telnet hostname.com

By default telnet connects to port 23 of remote computer.
So, the complete syntax is-

[shashikant@shashi~]#telnet http://www.hostname.com port

[shashikant@shashi~]#telnet http://www.yahoo.com 21

Netstat :- It displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP network connections. i.e. local address, remote address, port number, etc.
It’s syntax is–

[shashikant@shashi~]#netstat -n
Tracert :- It is used to trace out the route taken by the certain information i.e. data packets from source to destination.
It’s syntax is (at command prompt)–

example:- c:/>tracert http://www.ecb.ac.in

Here “*    *    *    Request timed out.” indicates that firewall installed on that system block the request and hence we can’t obtain it’s IP address.

various attributes used with tracert command and their usage can be viewed by just typing c:/>tracert at the command prompt.

The information obtained by using tracert command can be further used to find out exact operating system running on target system.

“There is no security on this earth, There is only opportunity.” – General Douglas MacArthur

 

 

 

 

 

 

what is a hacker really….

Most people think that hackers are computer criminals. They fail to recognise the fact that criminals and hackers are two totally different things. Media is responsible for this. Hackers in reality are actually good and extremely intelligent people who by using their knowledge in a constructive manner help organisations, companies, goverment, etc. to secure documents and secret information on the internet….

“Social engineering bypasses all technologies, including firewalls.” – Kevin Mitnick